This type of surgery is needed when a patient suffers from regurgitation or heart valve stenosis. The associated symptoms could not be dealt with any form of medication. Like with any form of surgery, an individual who is part of this surgery is at an increasing chance of infection, excessive bleeding or risk of anaesthesia. Some of the other risks associated are blood clots, heart attack, and failure of the heart.
Once a replacement is done a patient can expect it to last for the next 25 years or so. The chances are also on the higher side that the artificial valve could extend to the rest of your life. But there have been cases where the valve could have had to be replaced in a few weeks or months and this could stem for varied reasons. The valve does need special care and patients are advised to consume blood thinners once the replacement is done. Any form of x ray or tests is safe to be undertaking with this form of procedure as well. The recovery phase of an individual can lead to several months, though it is dependent on the health and condition of a patient. But a word of caution though that the recovery phase tends to vary from an individual to another.
How the surgery is performed
To perform this surgery general levels of anaesthesia are provided and it does take around 4 hours.
- First and foremost the patient is being shifted to the operation theatre and then GA is provided
- The heart of the patient is stopped and it is then connected to a heart lung bypass machine. Normally this machine is known to perform the work of the heart whereby carbon dioxide is removed and oxygen is provided
- Then it comes down to open heart surgery where a surgical cut is incorporated in the breastbone so as to reach the aorta and the heart
- This is followed by a minimal invasive surgery where you do go on to make small cuts or incision is undertaken with the aid of a catheter that is then inserted through the skin
- If the valve happens to be damaged the surgeon will go on to put a new one. Hereby the surgeon is going to remove the old one and then a new one is going to be put in place. Of the various types of valves the mechanical and the biological ones are popular. The former is incorporated of manmade materials like steel or titanium and once the procedure is over the patient is recommended to be part of blood medications of the rest of their life.
As far as the best treatment for mitral valve replacement in India is concerned, the Indian hospitals are rated to be among the best. In terms of cure for mitral valve replacement in India evolves, most of the hospitals have gone on to use the latest in technology and you can be rest assure that the most competent surgeons are performing them.