Causes of Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation and Treatment

Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation is a kind of skin diseases that usually appear brown, black or tan in color. It is a skin condition whereby there is an excess production of color pigment result from inflammation and injuries. Hyperpigmentation from acne is developed from inflamed wounds.

It is important to note that unstable usage of cosmetic procedures such as laser treatment, chemical peel, combination therapy or IPL on the skin, may worsen your skin condition resulting in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

The most mutual pigmentation disorder that frequently occurs in individuals with tone dark skin is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. As long as the deeper skin layer is concerned, it can be rather difficult to cure post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Where Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation mostly occur

Hyperpigmentation from acne typically occurs on the wounded face. These wounds may result from a razor cut during shaving, pimples infections or burns. A skin injury or inflammation happens when skin tissue heals.

 The chemical known as cytokines helps in the development of a new skin. However, there are chemicals that stimulate the melanocytes, resulting in excess production of melanin.

When an excess production of melanin occurs, it will cause a skin discoloration at the wounded area. Additionally, sunlight exposure can make the affected spot to become even much darker compared to other surrounding skin.

Causes of Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation and Treatment

Types of Post-hyperpigmentation

Surface layer or Epidermal; tends to be brown, dark or tan in color and it might take several months or even years to eliminate post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation without a cure.

Skin inner layer or Dermis; Tends to become bluish-grey in color and it may even become permanent if left untreated.

How to eliminate hyperpigmentation

Chemical peels

Peels work by removing the upper layer of the skin, including dark pitches, hence catalyzing the process of skin lighting. The common chemical applied include salicylic acid and glycolic acid. It is quite a powerful treatment, the user may have skin redness over the next several days. Other drawbacks may include blistering, skin irritation or skin discoloration.

Microdermabrasion

Likely to chemical peels, this treatment of hyperpigmentation skin disorder works by exfoliating a skin upper layer. However, instead of chemicals, fine crystals are applied gently to raise dead skin cells as the suction are also applied to eliminate them. Thus, makes this remedy a gentler option.

Topical

Over counter creams such as retinoid and Vitamin C are typically less powerful skin treatment which works better in removing epidermal hyperpigmentation. However, since the products are always not customized based on the skin of an individual’s needs, the user may experience some side effects like skin sensitivity or skin dryness.

Facial

In order to light the hyperpigmentation, facial therapy is normally customized in accordance to the harshness of a hyperpigmentation disorder while considering the type of individual’s skin. It is a greater degree of controlling and reducing the possibilities of side effects.

Author: Robin Gupta