How Are Race Cars Designed

When we talk about race cars, the picture that hovers in front of our eyes, is a design that is far away from the conventional car designs including the state-of-the-art sports cars. The purpose of making racing cars is focused only on one thing, thatis gaining speed with as much safety it can provide to its driver. For this the design has to be different from the conventional ones. And if we concentrate on this design aspect of racing cars then three main concepts of aerodynamics can be observed. One is cooling, the second is assuming maximum downforce, and the third is minimizing the amount of drag.

Here we would take a closer look at those designing aspects that the experts of the Chevrolet dealer Idaho explained to us.

Front Splitters

Starting with the front edge almost touching the ground these splitters at the front are used to maintain high air pressure at the top of the car, diverting their way to flow below it. As the high pressure helps pushing down the front splitter, it also helps in creating a downforce, so that even at highest speed the car doesn’t lose its balance.

Diving Planes

You must have noticed these fixtures typically placed on both the sides of the front bumper. These are called diving places that are especially curved down to redirect the constant airflow at the front side of the vehicle to turn upwards, that in return creates significant downforce.

Air Vents

The racing cars are designed based on aerodynamics that plays with air flow and the direction of wind to accelerate to the maximum possible speed while keeping the car grounded. For this you will find vents in several places of a racing car, like the Ventilated hoods, that allow the air to pass easily through the radiator to maintain constant airflow through the engine bay that will help increase the cooling.

On the other hand the Side vents behind the front wheels, allow airflow to exit through the wheel wells that will typically remain turbulent as the wheel keeps rotating.

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Rear Spoiler

Toprevent a lift from taking place when the race cars are at their maximum speed, an obstruction is placed on theway of airflow that causes lifts. This makes the air to change its path, redirecting the airflow near the rear part of the vehicle that is left in a horizontal manner pushing a bit upwards.All this helps the racing car to stay grounded avoiding every possibility of airlift.

Undercarriage Components and Diffuser

To minimize the drag and to reduce the amount of turbulence that gets created constantly beneath the vehicle when it is on speed, the undercarriage components are made flat in combination with a diffuser, to the lower the air pressure formed under the vehicle to create good amount of downforce.We came to know from the Chevrolet Idaho experts that the diffuser in this helps in acceleration reduces the air pressure under the car, and hence improves the downforce by redirecting the airflow upward.

Last Thought

With all these special aerodynamic designs the racing cars now appear to be wonderful artefacts of clever engineering.

Author: Robin Gupta